Colijnsplaat

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Colijnsplaat
Village
Street viewStreet view
Coat of arms of ColijnsplaatCoat of arms
Colijnsplaat is located in ZeelandColijnsplaatColijnsplaatLocation in the province of Zeeland in the NetherlandsShow map of ZeelandColijnsplaat is located in NetherlandsColijnsplaatColijnsplaatColijnsplaat (Netherlands)Show map of Netherlands
Coordinates: 51°35′55″N 3°50′53″E / 51.59861°N 3.84806°E / 51.59861; 3.84806
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceZeeland
MunicipalityNoord-Beveland
Area
 • Total15.01 km2 (5.80 sq mi)
Elevation3.8 m (12.5 ft)
Population (2021)
 • Total1,595
 • Density110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code4486
Dialing code0113

Colijnsplaat is a village in the Province of Zeeland, the Netherlands It is a part of the Municipality of Noord-Beveland, and lies about 20 km (12 mi) northeast of Middelburg.

History

The village was first mentioned in 1489 as "het gors Colinsplate", and means "sand bank belonging to Colijn". The sand bank was diked in the late 16th century. Colijnsplaats developed after the Oud Noord-Bevelandpolder was created in 1598. The village contains a ring road around the church.

The Dutch Reformed church is a simple aisleless church. The tower was probably built in 1607. It is plastered white and is located on the edge of the church. The church was rebuilt in 1769. In 1856, a consistory was added to church. The former court house was built between 1768 and 1769. From the 19th century until 1941, it was used as town hall.

Colijnsplaats was home to 1,749 people in 1840. On 1 February 1953, a large part of Zeeland was flooded. The water in the harbour which had direct access to sea started to rise, and the inhabitants feared that they were unable to cope, however the ship Lead which was harboured at Colijnsplaats was thrown on the river bank and blocked the coupure preventing a disaster. The event became known as the Miracle of Colijnsplaats.

The harbour was moved inside the dike in 1961 and was filled up in 1979. A new fishing harbour was built to the north for the fleets of Veere and Arnemuiden. The Zeeland Bridge was built between 1961 and 1965 over the Eastern Scheldt. The bridge is over 5 kilometres long and replaced the Zierikzee to Kats ferry.

Colijnsplaats was an independent municipality until 1941 when it was merged into Kortgene. Despite protests, the village was merged into Noord-Beveland in 1995.

Items of local interest

In 2005, a replica was installed here of a temple devoted to the prehistoric goddess Nehalennia, which remains had been found near the lost town of Ganuenta. She is believed to have been of Germanic or Celtic origin, and there was active worship of her in this area in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD, based on archeological finds. This replica temple is based on sanctuaries found at Roman provinces of Gaul and Germania. It was constructed, as much as possible, with authentic materials.

Gallery

References

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Colijnsplaat.
  1. ^ a b c "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 4486AA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  3. ^ "Colijnsplaat - (geografische naam)". Etymologiebank (in Dutch). Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d Piet van Cruyningen & Ronald Stenvert (2003). Colijnsplaat (in Dutch). Zwolle: Waanders. ISBN 90 400 8830 6. Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Colijnsplaat". Plaatsengids (in Dutch). Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  6. ^ "The Zeeland Bridge". Zeeland. Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  7. ^ Van der Velde, Koert (9 August 2005). "Zeeuwse godin weer thuis". Trouw.
  8. ^ Pree, Ko de. "Nehalenniatempel - Ontwerp tempel". www.nehalenniatempel.nl. Archived from the original on 2015-11-24. Retrieved 2020-06-09.