Eutelsat S.A.
Company typeSociété Anonyme
Traded asEuronext ParisETL
CAC Mid 60 Component
IndustryCommunications satellite
Founded1977 (1977)
HeadquartersParis, France
Key peopleEva Berneke (CEO)
RevenueDecrease €1.13 billion (2022/23)
Operating incomeIncrease €573 million (2022/23)
Net incomeIncrease €328 million (2022/23)
Total assetsDecrease €7.41 billion (2022/23)
Total equityIncrease €3.07 billion (2022/23)
  • Eutelsat Group (2023–present)
Number of employees1,200 (2023) Edit this on Wikidata

Eutelsat S.A. is a French satellite operator. Providing coverage over the entire European continent, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and the Americas, it is the world's third-largest satellite operator in terms of revenues.

Eutelsat's satellites are used for broadcasting nearly 7,000 television stations, of which 1,400 are in high-definition television, and 1,100 radio stations to over 274 million cable and satellite homes. They also serve requirements for TV contribution services, corporate networks, mobile communications, Internet backbone connectivity and broadband access for terrestrial, maritime and in-flight applications. Eutelsat is headquartered in Paris, France. Eutelsat Communications Chief Executive Officer is currently Eva Berneke.

In October 2017, Eutelsat acquired Noorsat, one of the leading satellite service providers in the Middle East, from Bahrain's Orbit Holding Group. Noorsat is the premier distributor of Eutelsat capacity in the Middle East, serving blue-chip customers and providing services for over 300 TV channels almost exclusively from Eutelsat's market-leading the Middle East and North Africa neighbourhoods at 7/8° West and 25.5° East.

On 26 July 2022, Eutelsat announced a merger with LEO satellite internet operator OneWeb. When the merger was completed in September 2023, the company became a subsidiary of a new entity, "Eutelsat Group".


European Telecommunications Satellite Organization membership 1/10 scale mockup of a Eutelsat W3 satellite, a Spacebus 4000C3

The European Telecommunications Satellite Organization (Eutelsat) was originally set up in 1977 (47 years ago), by 17 European countries as an intergovernmental organisation (IGO). Its role was to develop and operate a satellite-based telecommunications infrastructure for Europe. The Convention establishing the European Telecommunications Satellite Organization Eutelsat was opened for signature in July 1982 and entered into force on 1 September 1985.

In 1982, Eutelsat decided to start operations of its first TV channel (Satellite Television) on the Orbital Test Satellite (OTS) in cooperation with European Space Agency (ESA). This was the first satellite-based direct-to-home TV channel launched in Europe. In 1983, Eutelsat launched its first satellite to be used for telecommunications and TV distribution

Initially established to address satellite telecommunications demand in Western Europe, Eutelsat rapidly developed its infrastructure to expand coverage to additional services (i.e. TV) and markets, such as Central and Eastern Europe in 1989, and the Middle East, the African continent, and large parts of Asia and the Americas from the 1990s.

Eutelsat was the first satellite operator in Europe to broadcast television channels direct-to-home. It developed its premium neighbourhood of five Hot Bird satellites in the mid-1990s to offer capacity that would be able to attract hundreds of channels to the same orbital location, appealing to wider audiences for consumer satellite TV.

With the general liberalisation of the telecommunications sector in Europe, Eutelsat's assets, liabilities and operational activities were transferred to a private company called Eutelsat S.A. established for this purpose in July 2001. The structure role and activities of the new intergovernmental organisation Eutelsat IGO evolved. According to Eutelsat IGO's amended constitution in 2016, the main purpose of Eutelsat IGO has been to ensure that Eutelsat S.A. observes the Basic Principles set forth in the Eutelsat Amended Convention entered into force in November 2002. These Basic Principles refer to public service/universal service obligations, pan European coverage by the satellite system, non-discrimination and fair competition. The Executive Secretary of Eutelsat IGO participates in all meetings of the Board of Directors of Eutelsat Communications S.A. and Eutelsat S.A. as an observer to the Board (censeur).

In April 2005, the principal shareholders of Eutelsat S.A. grouped their investment in a new entity (Eutelsat Communications), which is now the holding company of the Group owning 95.2% of Eutelsat S.A. on 6 October 2005. As of 2009, the holding company owned 96.0% of Eutelsat S.A.

On 31 July 2013, Eutelsat Communications announced the 100% acquisition of Satélites Mexicanos, S.A. de C.V. ("Satmex") for US$831 million in cash plus the assumption of US$311 million in Satmex debt, pending government and regulatory approvals. The transaction was finalized on 2 January 2014. Based in Mexico, Satmex operates three satellites at contiguous positions, 113° West (Satmex 6), 114.9° West (Satmex 5) and 116.8° West (Satmex 8) that cover 90% of the population of the Americas.

In December 2015, the company announced a partnership with Facebook to launch an internet satellite over Africa by 2016 where Facebook lease all of a satellite's high throughput Ka-band capacity, however, the satellite was destroyed during launch preparations.

In December 2020, Eutelsat launched Eutelsat Konnect, a domestic broadband service targeting remote localities, in the United Kingdom with a planned subsequent launch across Europe.

In July 2021, Eutelsat launched Eutelsat Quantum, the first full software-defined satellite. It will enable users, notably in the Government and Mobility markets, to actively define and shape performance and reach thanks to its software-based design.

In December 2021, Eva Berneke was appointed Chief Executive Officer to replace Rodolphe Belmer. She will take up her position on January 1, 2022.

In March 2022, in the context of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine and growing censorship in Russia, two of the Russian packagers active on the 36°E Eutelsat satellites, NTV Plus (a subsidiary of Gazprom Media) and Trikolor, unilaterally interrupted broadcasting of 8 international news channels (BBC World, CNN, Deustche Welle, Euronews, France 24, NHK World, RAInews 24, TV5 Monde). This interruption was denounced by the Denis Diderot Committee, made up of academics and professionals from the European audiovisual sector, which published a report and launched a petition asking for sanctions from the European Union and Eutelsat IGO against the two operators. The petition is signed by all members of the Ukrainian regulatory body, the National Radio and Television Council.

Distribution of East European TV

Eutelsat continues to collaborate with Russian TV platforms such as NTV-Plus and Tricolor. In France, the association Denis Diderot Committee has started a petition to put pressure on the EU to get Eutelsat to drop cooperation with the Russian channels. In a press release, the association writes that it is 'paradoxical and unforgivable' that European satellites are used to broadcast Russian channels, which 'only spread the Kremlin's official state propaganda.

As top manager of French Eutelsat, Danish Eva Berneke defended the strategy in a podcast interview with Techmediet Radar: "It is clear that then we would have to wave goodbye to some Russian customers, who would then move on to some Russian satellites or something else". Media spokesman Kasper Sand Kjær of the Danish Social Democrats comments this decision with: "I think everyone should decide for themselves which side you want to stand on in the story. I do not believe that one can get through the time we are in right now by saying that one is neutral".

Jim Phillipoff, co-founder of the Denis Diderot Committee explained further that Eutelat's declared "neutrality" is rather dubious granted the fact that Eutelsat only offers channels on 36°E to Russian customers but not independent Russian-language broadcasts, which could help break information monopoly of the Russian state. As described above, Russian customers already actively censored western channels in their broadcasts on 36°E, which made the claims of Eutelsat's neutrality even more absurd.


In June 2021, Eutelsat launched Eutelsat Advance, an end-to-end managed connectivity service, including network interconnection, a management portal and APIs for service providers and their clients. Available via Eutelsat's certified network of partners, Eutelsat Advance enables service providers in Enterprise, Maritime, Aviation, Government and Telecoms to enhance their service portfolio by increasing the range of connectivity services they offer.

In September 2018, Eutelsat announced Cirrus, which enabled broadcasters to deliver content to satellite and over-the-top media service. Viewers can watch content on screens, phones and tablets, access multiple programmes, record and rewind and view detailed programme information.

With a global fleet of satellites and associated ground infrastructure, Eutelsat enables clients across Video, Data, Government, Fixed and Mobile Broadband markets to communicate effectively to their customers, irrespective of their location. Over 6800 television channels operated by leading media groups are broadcast by Eutelsat to one billion viewers equipped for DTH reception or connected to terrestrial networks.


Eutelsat sells capacity on 36 satellites located in geosynchronous orbit between 139° West and 174° East. On 1 March 2012, Eutelsat changed the names of its satellites. The group's satellites mostly take the Eutelsat name, with the relevant figure for their orbital position and a letter indicating their order of arrival at that position. On 21 May 2014, Eutelsat Americas (formerly Satmex) aligned its satellite names with the Eutelsat brand.

Satellite COSPAR ID Location Launch Vehicle Regions served Launch Comments
Eutelsat Konnect VHTS 2022-110A 2.7°E Ariane 5 ECA Europe 7 September 2022 Very High Throughput Satellite. Hosting the most powerful on-board digital processor ever put in orbit.
Eutelsat 3B 2014-030A 3°E Zenit-3SL Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, Brazil 26 May 2014 Entered service in July 2014
Eutelsat 5 West B 2019-067A 5°W Proton-M/Briz-M Europe, North Africa 9 October 2019
Eutelsat 7B (Eutelsat W3D/Eutelsat 3D) 2013-022A 7°E Proton-M/Briz-M Europe, Middle East, Africa 14 May 2013
Eutelsat 7C 2019-034B 7°E Ariane 5 ECA Europe, Middle East, Africa 20 June 2019
Eutelsat Konnect 2020-005B 7°E Ariane 5 ECA Europe, Africa 17 January 2020 First satellite to use Thales Alenia Space's all-electric Spacebus NEO platform
Eutelsat 7 West A (Atlantic Bird 7/Nilesat-104) 2011-051A 7.3°W Zenit-3SL Middle East, North Africa 24 September 2011 Formerly named Atlantic Bird 7 until March 2012
Eutelsat 8 West B (Nilesat-104B) 2015-039A 8°W Ariane 5 ECA Africa, Middle East 20 August 2015
Eutelsat KA-SAT 9A 2010-069A 9°E Proton-M/Briz-M Europe 26 December 2010
Eutelsat 9B (EDRS A) 2016-005A 9°E Proton-M/Briz-M Europe, North Africa, Middle East 30 January 2016
Eutelsat 10A (Eutelsat W2A) 2009-016A 10°E Proton-M/Briz-M Europe, Africa, Middle East 3 April 2009 Formerly named Eutelsat W2A until March 2012; S-band payload not yet entered into service due to an anomaly. Solaris Mobile filed the insurance claim and should be able to offer some, but not all of the services it was planning to offer.
Eutelsat 10B 2022-157A 10°E Falcon 9 Block 5 North Atlantic corridor, Europe, Mediterranean basin, Middle East 23 November 2022
Hot Bird 13B (Hot Bird 8) 2006-032A 13°E Proton-M/Briz-M Europe, North Africa, Middle East 5 August 2006 Formerly named Hot Bird 8 until March 2012
Hot Bird 13C (Hot Bird 9) 2008-065D 13°E Ariane 5 ECA Europe, Africa, Middle East 20 December 2008 Formerly named Hot Bird 9 until March 2012
Hot Bird 13E (Hot Bird 7A/Eurobird 9A/Eutelsat 9A) 2006-007B 13°E Ariane 5 ECA Europe, North Africa, Middle East 11 March 2006 Formerly named Eurobird 9A until March 2012; former Hot Bird 7A satellite / Eutelsat 9A
Hotbird 13F 2022-134A 13°E Falcon 9 Block 5 Europe, North Africa, Middle East 15 October 2022 All-electric Eurostar Neo bus
Hotbird 13G 2022-146A 13°E Falcon 9 Block 5 Europe, North Africa, Middle East 3 November 2022 All-electric Eurostar Neo bus
Eutelsat 16A (Eutelsat W3C) 2011-057A 16°E Long March 3B Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Indian Ocean Islands 7 October 2011 Formerly named Eutelsat W3C until March 2012
Eutelsat 21B (Eutelsat W6A) 2012-062B 21.5°E Ariane 5 ECA Europe, Middle East, North Africa, West Africa, Central Asia 10 November 2012 Fully operational since 19 December 2012.
Eutelsat 33C (Eurobird 1/Eutelsat 133 West A/Eutelsat 28A) 2001-011A 33°E Ariane 5G Europe 8 March 2001 Satellite is currently being redeployed at 33° East where it will be co-located with Eutelsat 33B. Formerly named Eurobird 1 until March 2012 and Eutelsat 28A until July 2015
Eutelsat 33E (Hot Bird 10/Atlantic Bird 4A/Hot Bird 13D/Eutelsat 3C) 2009-008B 33°E Ariane 5 ECA Europe, South-West Asia 12 February 2009 Formerly Hot Bird 10 and Atlantic Bird 4A
Eutelsat 36A (Eutelsat W4/Eutelsat 70C) 2000-028A 36°E Atlas IIIA Africa, Russia 24 May 2000 Formerly named Eutelsat W4 until March 2012.
Eutelsat 36B (Eutelsat W7) 2009-065A 36°E Proton-M/Briz-M Europe, Africa, Middle East, Russia 24 November 2009 Formerly named Eutelsat W7 until March 2012
Eutelsat 36C (Ekspress AMU1) 2015-082A 36°E Proton-M/Briz-M Russia, Africa 2015
Eutelsat 36D 2024-059A 36°E Falcon 9 Block 5 Europe, Africa, Russia 30 March 2024 Replacement for Eutelsat 36B
Eutelsat 36 West A (Atlantic Bird 1/Eutelsat 12 West A/Eutelsat 59A) 2002-040A 36.5°W Ariane 5G Europe, Middle East, Americas 28 August 2002 Formerly named Atlantic Bird 1 until March 2012, and Eutelsat 12 West A
Eutelsat 48D (Afghansat 1/Eutelsat W2M/Eutelsat 48B/Eutelsat 38B) 2008-065B 48°E Ariane 5 ECA Afghanistan, Central Asia 20 December 2008 Co-branded Afghansat 1. Formerly named Eutelsat 28B until January 2014, Eutelsat 48B until August 2012, W2M until March 2012.
Eutelsat Quantum 2021-069B 48°E Ariane 5 ECA+ Middle East, North Africa 30 July 2021 First in-orbit reprogrammable satellite
Eutelsat 65 West A 2016-014A 65°W Ariane 5 ECA Americas 9 March 2016
Eutelsat 70B (Eutelsat W5A) 2012-069A 70.5°E Zenit-3SL Europe, Middle East, Africa, Central Asia, South East Asia, Australia 3 December 2012
Eutelsat 113 West A (Satmex 6) 2006-020A 113°W Ariane 5 ECA Americas 27 May 2006 Formerly Satmex 6 until May 2014
Eutelsat 115 West B (Satmex 7) 2015-010B 114.9°W Falcon 9 v1.1 Americas 2 March 2015
Eutelsat 117 West A (Satmex 8) 2013-012A 116.8°W Proton-M/Briz-M Americas 26 March 2013 Formerly Satmex 8 until May 2014
Eutelsat 117 West B (Satmex 9) 2016-038B 116.8°W Falcon 9 FT Americas 15 June 2016 Formerly Satmex 9
Eutelsat 139 West A (Eutelsat W3A/Eutelsat 7A) 2004-008A 139°W Proton-M/Briz-M Americas 16 March 2004 Formerly named Eutelsat W3A until March 2012, then Eutelsat 7A
Eutelsat 172B 2017-027A 172°E Ariane 5 ECA Asia-Pacific 1 June 2017
Eutelsat 174A (Eutelsat 172A/AMC 23/GE-23) 2005-052A 174°E Proton-M/Briz-M Asia-Pacific 29 December 2005 Formerly Eutelsat 172A, and GE-23 satellite

Rented capacity

Satellite Location Launch Vehicle Regions served Launch
Eutelsat 28E (Astra 2E) 28.2°E Proton-M/Briz-M Europe 29 September 2013
Eutelsat 28F (Astra 2F) 28.2°E Ariane 5 ECA Europe 28 September 2012
Eutelsat 28G (Astra 2G) 28.2°E Proton-M/Briz-M Europe 27 December 2014
Eutelsat 53A (Ekspress AM 6) 56°E Proton-M/Briz-M Europe, Asia 21 October 2014
Ekspress-AT1 56°E Proton-M/Briz-M Europe, Asia 16 March 2014
Ekspress-AT2 140°E Proton-M/Briz-M Europe, Asia 16 March 2014
SESAT 2 15°W Proton-M/Briz-M Europe, Americas 19 October 1999

Former satellites

Satellite COSPAR ID Location Launch Vehicle Launched Inclined Retired Lost Comments
Eutelsat I F-1 (ECS 1) 1983-058A 13°E Ariane 1 1983 1989 1996
Eutelsat I F-2 (ECS 2) 1984-081A 7°E Ariane 3 1984 1990 1993
Eutelsat I F-4 (ECS 4) 1987-078B 7/13°E Ariane 3 1987 1993 2002
Eutelsat I F-5 (ECS 5) 1988-063B 10°E Ariane 3 1988 1994 2000
Eutelsat 2 F-1 1990-079B 13°E Ariane 44LP H10 1990 1999 2003
Eutelsat 2 F-2 1991-003B 10°E Ariane 44L H10 1991 2000 2005
Eutelsat 2 F-3 1991-083A 16°E Atlas II 1991 2000 2004
Eutelsat 2 F-4 1992-041B 7°E Ariane 44L H10 1992 2001 2003
Hot Bird 1 (Eutelsat 2 F-6) 1995-016B 13°E Ariane 44LP H10+ 1995 2006 2007 2012
Hot Bird 6 (Hot Bird 13A/Eutelsat 8 West C/Eutelsat 33D/Eutelsat 70D) 1995-016B Atlas V 401 2002 2016
Eutelsat 21A (Eutelsat W6/Eutelsat W3/Eutelsat 48C) 1995-016B Atlas IIAS 1999
Eutelsat 8 West D (Sinosat-3/Chinasat-5C/Eutelsat 3A) Long March 3A 2007
Eutelsat 59A (Atlantic Bird 1/Eutelsat 12 West A/Eutelsat 36 West A) 2002-040A Ariane 5G 2002 2018
Eutelsat W2 1998-056A 16°E Ariane 44L H10-3 1998 2010
Eutelsat W3B 2010-056A 16°E Ariane 5 ECA 2010 2010
Eutelsat W75 (Eurobird 10/Eurobird 4/Hot Bird 3/ABS 1B) 1997-049A 4°E Ariane 44LP H10-3 1997 2011 Former Hot Bird 3 and Eurobird 4 satellite
Eutelsat 4A (Eurobird 4A/Eutelsat W1) 2000-052A 4°E Ariane 44P H10-3 2000 2012 Former Eutelsat W1 satellite
Eutelsat 4B (Hot Bird 5/Eurobird 2/Arabsat 2D/Badr-2/Eutelsat 25A) 1998-057A 4°E Atlas IIA 1998 2014 Formerly named Eurobird 2 until March 2012, now at 4E and called Eutelsat 4B
Eutelsat 5 West A (Atlantic Bird 3) 2002-035A 5°W Ariane 5G 5 July 2002 January 2023 Formerly named Atlantic Bird 3 until March 2012, was also called Stellat 5
Eutelsat 16B (Hot Bird 4/Nilesat-103/Atlantic Bird 4/Eurobird 16) 1998-013A 16°E Ariane 42P H10-3 1998 2015 Formerly named Eurobird 16 until March 2012; former Atlantic Bird 4 and Hot Bird 4 satellite
Eutelsat 16C (SESAT 1) 2000-019A 16°E Proton-K/Blok DM-2M 2000 2018 Formerly named SESAT 1 until March 2012. Operated in inclined orbit at 16° East
Eutelsat 12 West B (Atlantic Bird 2/Eutelsat 8 West A) 2001-042A 12.5°W Ariane 44P H10-3 2001 2020 Formerly named Atlantic Bird 2 until March 2012 and Eutelsat 8 West A until October 2015, when it was redeployed to 12.5° West
Eutelsat 31A (eBird 1/Eutelsat 33A/Eurobird 3) 2003-043A 31°E Ariane 5G 2003 2018 Formerly named Eurobird and Eutelsat 33A
Eutelsat 33B (Eutelsat W5/Eutelsat 70A/Eutelsat 25C) 2002-051A 33°E Delta IV Medium+(4,2) 2002 2015 Formerly named Eutelsat W5 until March 2012; lost one of two solar panels 16 June 2008. Now at 25° East and called Eutelsat 25C.
Eutelsat 115 West A (Satmex 5) 1998-070A 114.8°W Ariane 42L H10-3 1998 2015 Formerly Satmex 5 until May 2014
Eutelsat 48A (Eurobird 9/Eutelsat W48/Hot Bird 2) 1996-067A 48°E Atlas IIA 21 November 1996 2017 Formerly named Eutelsat W48 until March 2012; former Hot Bird 2 and Eurobird 9 satellite; operating in inclined orbit.
Eutelsat 25B (Es'hail 1) 2013-044A 25.5°E Ariane 5 ECA 29 August 1998 Eutelsat's share in the satellite sold to Es'hailSat in 2018.

Failure of Eutelsat Satellite

Satellite COSPAR ID Location Launch Vehicle Launched Inclined Retired Lost Comments
Eutelsat I F-3 (ECS 3) Ariane 3 1985 Launch Failure
Eutelsat 2 F-5 Ariane 44LP H10+ 1994 Launch Failure
Hot Bird 7 Ariane 5 ECA 2002 Launch Failure

Future satellites

Satellite COSPAR ID Location Launch Vehicle Launched Inclined Retired Lost Comments
Flexsat TBA TBA 2026



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External links