Friedrich Kottler

Friedrich Kottler (December 10, 1886 – May 11, 1965) was an Austrian theoretical physicist. He was a Privatdozent before he got a professorship in 1923 at the University of Vienna.


In 1938, after the Anschluss, he lost his professorship due to his Jewish ancestry. With the help of Albert Einstein and Wolfgang Pauli, he immigrated to America from his hometown of Vienna, Austria, settling in Rochester, New York, where he worked at the Eastman Kodak Research Laboratory. He died in Rochester, New York in 1965. Besides optics, Kottler's professional pursuits focused on the theory of relativity.

Contributions to relativity

Published works


  1. ^ Goenner, Hubert (editor). The expanding worlds of general relativity, Einstein studies (vo. 7), Birkhäuser, 1999, ISBN 0-8176-4060-6
  2. ^ Pauli, Wolfgang. Wissenschaftlicher Briefwechsel mit Bohr, Einstein, Heisenberg u.a.., Springer, 1979, ISBN 3-540-08962-4
  3. ^ Karin Reich: Die Entwicklung des Tensorkalküls. Vom absoluten Differentialkalkül zur Relativitätstheorie, Birkhäuser 1994, ISBN 3034884869
  4. ^ Einstein, A., & Grossmann, M. "Entwurf einer verallgemeinerten Relativitätstheorie und einer Theorie der Gravitation" (Teubner, Leipzig, 1913).
  5. ^ Romain, J. E. (1963). "Time measurements in accelerated frames of reference". Reviews of Modern Physics. 35 (2): 376–388. Bibcode:1963RvMP...35..376R. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.35.376.
  6. ^ Havas, P. (1999). Einstein, relativity and gravitation research in Vienna before 1938. The Expanding Worlds of General Relativity, 161.
  7. ^ a b Muñoz, Gerardo; Jones, Preston (2010). "The equivalence principle, uniformly accelerated reference frames, and the uniform gravitational field". American Journal of Physics. 78 (4): 377–383. arXiv:1003.3022. Bibcode:2010AmJPh..78..377M. doi:10.1119/1.3272719. S2CID 118616525.
  8. ^ Einstein, A. (1916). "Über Friedrich Kottlers Abhandlung "Über Einsteins Äquivalenzhypothese und die Gravitation"". Annalen der Physik. 356 (22): 639–642. Bibcode:1916AnP...356..639E. doi:10.1002/andp.19163562206.
  9. ^ Perlick, V. (2004). "Gravitational lensing from a spacetime perspective". Living Rev. Relativ. 7 (9): 9. arXiv:1010.3416. Bibcode:2004LRR.....7....9P. doi:10.12942/lrr-2004-9. PMC 5255571. PMID 28179867. (Open access)
  10. ^ Hehl, F. W., Itin, Y., & Obukhov, Y. N. (2016). "On Kottler's path: Origin and evolution of the premetric program in gravity and in electrodynamics". International Journal of Modern Physics D. 25 (11): 1640016–206. arXiv:1607.06159. Bibcode:2016IJMPD..2540016H. doi:10.1142/S0218271816400162. S2CID 119281670.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)