Kadour Naimi

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Kadour Naimi (or Kaddour Naïmi; Arabic: قدور نعيمي; born November 4, 1945, in Sidi Bel Abbès, Algeria) is a film producer, play wright, filmmaker, and writer.

Biography

Naimi is the son of a shoemaker father and a housewife mother. He graduated from a double high school course in French and Arabic. After graduation, he attended the University of Oran from 1965 to 1966, where he earned a double certificate of general literary studies in French and Arabic. From 1966 to 1968, Naimi attended the École supérieure d'art dramatique de Strasbourg, which was then directed by Hubert Gignoux and Pierre Lefèvre, where he studied staging and dramaturgy. Back in Algeria, he became known in the theatrical field.

At the end of 1973, he immigrated to Belgium. From 1974 to 1979, in the Université catholique de Louvain, he obtained a degree in sociology, then, from 1979 to 1982, started a PhD in sociology of revolutions.

Interested in cinema, in 1982 he immigrated to Italy, acquired citizenship, and became involved in films, theater, and literature.

Since October 2016, he has regularly collaborated in newspapers and contributed sociological reviews, including to the French-language newspaper Le Matin d'Algérie.

In September 2018, he created Editions Electrons Libres, which offers free text or audio books, in electronic form in French, Italian, and Algerian Arabic.

Theater

K. Naimi in 1968

In August 1968 in Oran (Algeria), Naimi created and directed the Théâtre de la mer : Compagnie de recherches et de réalisations théâtrales expérimentales (Theatre of the Sea: Research and Experimental Theatre Productions Company), whose work has been innovative in the context of Algerian culture, fostering independent production, ethical and political freedom, self-management, collective creation, research and experimentation, popular theatre, and staging performances in unconventional places (work and study places, or neighborhood squares).

The staging of shows was patterned after the traditional Algerian rite of Halqa (Arabic: حلقة), with a central acting space in the round (1 in the drawing), entry and exit aisles for the actors (2), and the rest of the encircling space reserved for spectators(3). The works were presented in rural areas, to farmers who had never seen this kind of show. The public was urged to attend rehearsals and voice observations, and to interact during the performance, to be an integral part of the action

Circular performance of La Valeur de l'Accord on a farm, for farmers and students, 1969. K. Naimi, center, presents the show.

The theatrical writing is in the form of a screenplay and the performance is cinematic.

The press emphasized the originality of the innovations, and the impact produced on the public, of works such as Mon corps, ta voix et sa pensée (My body, your voice and his thought), La Valeur de l'Accord (The value of the Agreement), La Fourmi et l'Éléphant (The Ant and the Elephant), La tendresse, les enfants ! (The Tenderness, guys!). Abderrahmane Kaki expressed appreciation, as well as essayists and historians. In 1973, Et à l'aurore où est l'espoir ? (And at dawn where is the Hope ?) received the Research Prize at the International Festival of Hammamet (Tunisia). In 2012, the Algerian Ministry of Culture officially recognized the theatre for its production.

Some of Naimi's theatrical innovations have been influential with others. There are similarities between the theatre of Naimi and that produced by two men of Algerian theatre—Kateb Yacine, a playwright and director, and Abdelkader Alloula—in terms of collective creation, circular space, experimentation, variety of audiences and places of presentations, audience participation, decor and suggestion, body, voice, and mind, self-management, research, training, and the importance of Bertolt Brecht and Erwin Piscator.

Other works:

Film work

In 1986, in Rome, Naimi created the production and distribution company Maldoror Film, and directed it until its closure in September 2009. The company produced the films and documentaries of the filmmaker, excluding his first short film, made in 1981. He was involved in production, writing, shooting, lighting, editing, directing, and the making of theatre posters. Only exceptionally, did he have collaborators or co-producers.

Films include Marco detto Barabba (Marc called Barabbas), fiction (1981); Arancia blu (Blu Orange), documentary (1985), Anima near (Black Soul), documentary (1986), Festa a Villa Gordiani (Feast at Villa Gordiani), documentary (1989), Anno Zero (Year Zero), documentary (1990), Ieri, Oggi, Domani (Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow), documentary (1992); Maldoror, fiction, adaptation of the work Les Chants de Maldoror by Lautréamont (1997); Dove il Sogno diventà Realtà (Where the Dream becomes Reality), documentary (1999); Piazza del Mondo (Square World), documentary (2003); Jesce Sole : Frammenti di vite frammentate, (Rise up, Sun : Fragments of fragmented lives), fiction (2006); La réalisation de Alhanana, ya ouled ! (The realisation of The Tenderness, guys!), documentary (2012); 莺歌燕舞 (Yīng gē yàn wǔ – The Oriole sings, the Swallow dances), documentary, presented in September 2014 at the Portobello Film Festival in London.

These works were produced as independent, or even "guerrilla", cinema; with only private, but without institutional, financial support; and with a minimum crew. Films were shot digitally, with the exception of the first short film, Marco detto Barabba (Marco called Barabbas), shot on 16mm colour film. Films were presented mainly outside the commercial theatre circuit.

Other work

Kadour Naimi in 1995 K. Naimi and Terence Hill during filming.

Also in 1986, and in Rome, Naimi established the School of Maldoror Film. He was its director, and taught there, until its closure in 2009. In 2006, in Rome, he created and directed the International Free Cinema Festival, which took place annually from 2006 to 2008. From January to June 1995, he presented and directed a weekly television broadcast on Tele-Lazio, entitled Cittadini del Mondo (Citizens of the World). The program presented Italian artists and intellectuals from other countries, being particularly sensitive to the international dimension and solidarity of their work with the public.

Naimi acted in several productions.

In theatre: Bilal (protagonist, 1964), Le cireur (The shoe polish, protagonist, 1965), Mon corps, ta voix et sa pensée (My body, your voice and his thought, co-protagonist, 1968), La Valeur de l'accord (The value of the Agreement, co-protagonist, 1969).

On television: Don Matteo, episode "Donne e buoi dai paesi tuoi" ("Women and oxen from your own", directed by Andrea Barzini, co-protagonist with Terence Hill, 2001), Butta la luna (Throw the moon, by Vittorio Sindoni, secondary character, 2006), and Capitano 2 (Captain 2, by Vittorio Sindoni, secondary character, 2007).

Cinema: La Poussette (The Stroller, by Aziz Benmahjoub, protagonist, 1974), Senza Parole (Without Words, by Antonnello De Leo, secondary character, 1995, film nominated for Best Live Action Short Film at the 69th Academy Awards in Los Angeles).

Radio : Le retour au désert (The Return to the Desert, by Bernard-Marie Koltès, directed by Elio De Capitani, 2004).

Literature

First poem of Kadour Naimi, Cinq doigts de la main arrachés, published in the weekly POUR la révolution, Brussels (Belgium) In French

Sociology:

Novel :

Short Novel:

Poetry:

In Italian

Short novel:

Poetry, individual poems Books

References

  1. ^ "Le créateur Kadour Naïmi de passage - 07/08/2014". Ladepeche.fr. 2016-02-20. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  2. ^ "Biography". Kadour-naili.com. Archived from the original on 2016-10-31. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  3. ^ Synthesis : Self-management and hetero-management : from the breaking revolutionary process to the totalitarian conservatory system, in Invarianti, Antonio Pellicani Editore, Rome, in 3 parts : Year II, n. 7, autumn 1988, n.8 winter 1988–89, Year III, n.9–10, spring–summer 1989, political and cultural quarterly magazine.
  4. ^ "<?php echo $_SERVER; ?>". www.editionselectronslibres-edizionielettroniliberi-maddah.com. Archived from the original on 2018-09-22. Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  5. ^ a b Boutisiniga, Tamara Alexandrovna (1990). Mille et une Année de théâtre arabe (in French) (Second ed.). Beirut, Lebanon: Dar Alfarabi. Archived from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 20 July 2017. {{cite book}}: |website= ignored (help)
  6. ^ Bari Stambouli. "Le diagnostic de Kali". Djazairess.com. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  7. ^ Mohamed Kali, 100 ans de théâtre algérien (One hundred years of Algerian theater),(in French), in particular chapter Kadour Naïmi ou les limites de l'engagement politique au théâtre (Kadour Naimi or the political commitment limits in the theater), pp. 167–184, Algiers (Algeria), Socrates News Editions, 2013.
  8. ^ Ali Arra'y (علي الراعي), االمسرح في الوطن العربي (The theatre in the Arab nation), (in Arabic), Koweït, Edition of the National Council for Culture, Arts and Letters, January 1979. And Mohamed Kali : 100 ans de théâtre algérien, o. c. p. 161.
  9. ^ "Original representations, of a totally new design in Algeria. In fact, it is – to my knowledge – the only Algerian company, rejecting the classical forms of theatrical, using the laboratory theater." La République, Noredine Khib, Oran, October 23, 1968, newspaper.
  10. ^ Mohamed Kali, Le théâtre algérien, un malentendu (The Algerian theatre, a misunderstanding),(in French), Algiers (Algeria), Edition Ministry of Culture, 2002, pp. 125 e 127.
  11. ^ "The rigor of the political purpose does not contradict the antics and hilarious ferocity of the show. The director of the Théâtre de la mer, Kadour Naimi, has been able to make this lament emigrant a "lament" fed theater of humor and pace.It is the true popular theater, a theater that invites to pleasure and deducts its aesthetic from the needs of its struggle. » Politique-Hebdo, Michel Sarti, Paris, March 2, 1972, newspaper.
  12. ^ Tamara Alexandrovna Boutisiniga, Thousand and one year of Arab theatre, (Russian), translated into Arabic by Tawfik Almou'din, Beyrouth (Lebanon), Edition Dar Alfarabi, first edition 1981, second edition 1990.
  13. ^ Algérie-Actualités, Kamal Bendimérad, Algiers, April 1969, weekly.
  14. ^ Ali Arra'y, op. cit.
  15. ^ "The opera stage writing, from beginning to end, is a decoupage in purely cinematic plans, using different areas of the stage as its depth, playing with lights and colours to emphasize the view angles, all data in a fast pace and scenes sometimes very short." El Watan, Mohamed Kali, March 30, 2013, newspaper.
  16. ^ La République, Nordine Khib, Oran (Algeria), October 23, 1968, newspaper; Algérie-Actualités, Kamal Bendimérarad, Algiers, April 1969, weekly; El Moudjahid, Halim Mokdad, Algiers, January 11, 1969, newspaper.
  17. ^ "Collective Creation, this suite of tableaux – announced by a clapperboard identical to those used on movie sets – is a violent attack against US imperialism. The revolution thus continues on stage and the Theatre of the Sea seems to have opted for the "laboratory" formula. Of course, disputes (ah, what a word !) comes from all directions ... "THE VALUE OF THE AGREEMENT" shakes by its form somewhat habits of the viewer. (...) " N. Khib, La République, 5 avril 1969, newspaper.
  18. ^ "The Ant and the Elephant", presented recently at Mouggar by the "Theater of the Sea", has had a certain success. With the large number of spectators during the four performances and the discussions that followed, this work will really left an impression and not least (...). The Sea Theatre must exist in the thousands." Ecchabab, Algiers, unsigned article, February 7, 1971, weekly.
  19. ^ a b "Inscription – Connexion". Elwatan.com. 2016-11-07. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  20. ^ "Finally we have also in Oran what not seen anywhere in North Africa, an experience a bit to one side, currently done by the members of the 'Jeune Théâtre de la mer'. It has almost to do with the method of the living théâtre, this theater that requires another building, another way of interpretation." La République, Oran (Algeria) 27–28 October 1968, newspaper.
  21. ^ "Kadour Naimi is one of the most emblematic theatre men of the years 1960/1970". Mohamed Kali, 100 ans de théâtre algérien, o.c., p. 167. "The Algerian company of 'Théâtre de la mer'", founded by Kadour Naimi, is considered an example », Tamara Alexandrovna Boutisiniga, Thousand and one year Arab theatre, op. cit.
  22. ^ "Wikiwix's cache". Archive.wikiwix.com. 2011-10-29. Archived from the original on 2016-08-17. Retrieved 2016-11-11. An extraordinary team led by Kaddour Naimi, in Europe today, the Théâtre de la mer that sign deeply his era (late 1960s to early 1970s), thanks to his research and his ability to use, in his work, new techniques making greatly appeals to body and gesture. {{cite web}}: Cite uses generic title (help)CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  23. ^ Charles Bonn. "Article – Limag". Limag.refer.org. Archived from the original on 2016-08-21. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  24. ^ La République, Oran (Algeria), 25 to 26 December 1974, newspaper; Algérie-Actualités, Algiers (Algeria), n ° 707: 3–9 May 1979, weekly.
  25. ^ El Moudjahid, Algiers (Algeria), 13 to 14 October 1989, newspaper. And Djilali Tahraoui, Théâtre expérimental "halka" (Experimental theatre "halka"), Oran (Algeria), University of Science and Technology (Project studies to get an engineering degree in architecture State), 1986–87 academic year.
  26. ^ Révolution, Algiers (Algeria), 18 May 1990, Weekly.
  27. ^ Algérie-Actualités, Algiers (Algeria), 14 to 20 January 1988, Weekly. And Abdelkader Alloula, La représentation de type aristotélicien dans l'activité théâtrale en Algérie, Oran, 20 October 1987.
  28. ^ Benkhellaf Abdelmalek, Les fonctions narratives dans le théâtre de Abdelkader Alloula, Alagoual (Les Dires) et Lajouad (Les Généreux), annexe 2 (Magister Memory), Mentouri university : Constantine (Algeria), Faculty of Arts and Languages, 2006.
  29. ^ Alloula Abdelkader, La représentation de type aristotélicien..., art. c. And interview of Abdelkader Alloula, collected by Mohamed Djellid, Oran, October 1985.
  30. ^ Interview by Abdelkader Alloula, collected by Mohamed Djellid, art. c.
  31. ^ Algérie-Actualité, Algiers (Algeria), 15 to 21 April 1982, Weekly.
  32. ^ Algérie-Actualités, Algiers (Algeria), 15 to 21 April 1982, weekly.
  33. ^ "Inscription – Connexion". Elwatan.com. 2016-11-07. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  34. ^ "The staging of the Algerian Kadour Naimi is essential and measured." Michela Sensi, L'Informazione, March 28, 1995, newspaper. "The direction of this work is entrusted to Algerian Director Kadour Naimi, who, for decades, is engaged in artistic research of the essential". Il Giornale di Ostia, March 4, 1995, newspaper.
  35. ^ "Portobello Film Festival London". Portobellofilmfestival.com. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  36. ^ "Cinema". Kadour-naimi.com. Archived from the original on 2016-11-08. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  37. ^ "Teaching". Kadour-naimi.com. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  38. ^ "Festival". Kadour-naimi.com. Archived from the original on 2016-11-12. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  39. ^ Tremblay, Jean-Marie (2 February 2005). "Kadour NAÏMI, La guerre, pourquoi ? La paix, comment ? Éléments de discussion aux gens de bonne volonté". classiques.uqac.ca.

Bibliography

Main books that analyze the theatrical works of Naimi:

Media related to Kadour Naimi at Wikimedia Commons