Pescia

Pescia
Comune
Comune di Pescia
Coat of arms of PesciaCoat of arms
Location of Pescia Map
Pescia is located in ItalyPesciaPesciaLocation of Pescia in ItalyShow map of ItalyPescia is located in TuscanyPesciaPesciaPescia (Tuscany)Show map of Tuscany
Coordinates: 43°54′N 10°41.4′E / 43.900°N 10.6900°E / 43.900; 10.6900
CountryItaly
RegionTuscany
ProvincePistoia (PT)
FrazioniMedicina, Fibbialla, Aramo, San Quirico, Castelvecchio, Stiappa, Pontito, Sorana, Vellano, Pietrabuona, Collodi, Veneri, Chiodo
Government
 • MayorOreste Giurlani
Area
 • Total79.18 km2 (30.57 sq mi)
Elevation68 m (223 ft)
Population (31 December 2017)
 • Total19,584
 • Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
DemonymPesciatini
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code51017, 51012, 51010
Dialing code0572
Patron saintSt. Dorothea
Saint day6 February
Website(in Italian) Official website

Pescia (Italian pronunciation: ) is an Italian city in the province of Pistoia, Tuscany, central Italy.

It is located in a central zone between the cities Lucca and Florence, on the banks of the river of the same name.

History

Archaeological excavations have suggested that the Lombards built the first settlement here on the river banks. The name of the city comes in fact from the Lombardic word pehhia (cognate to Bach in German), meaning "river".

Lucca occupied and destroyed Pescia during the 13th century, but the town was quickly rebuilt. During the entire Middle Ages Florence and Lucca contended for the city, as the latter was located on the border between the two republics. In 1339, after almost ten years of war, Florence occupied it.

The economy of the town was founded on mulberry cultivation and silkworm breeding. Heavily struck by the Black Death, Pescia overcame the demographic and economic depression which had ensued only at the end of the 15th century.

At the end of the 17th century, the grand-duke of Tuscany declared Pescia "City of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany". In the 19th century, the silk production was so important that Pescia was called "the little Manchester of Tuscany". The economy of the town dropped after a commercial conflict between France and Italy (1888). The passage of Napoleon highly damaged the economy of the city, because he substituted silk with sugar beet.

Since 1925 Pesciatins found an alternative economic source in cultivating and trading flowers and olive plants (since the end of the 19th century). Bombardments during World War II caused much damage to Pescia.

Main sights

Economy

Economic activities in and around the city include flower growing (carnations, for which it is an international market center) and paper production.

The village of Sorana is known for its namesake sorana bean.

Education

The city is home to three professional (economics, agrarian and graphic-touristic) high schools and four cultural (classical, scientific, linguistic and psycho-pedagogic) high schools.

Museums

Twin cities

References

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pescia. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Vellano.