Poduromorpha

Poduromorpha
Podura aquatica (Poduridae)
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subclass: Collembola
Order: Poduromorpha
Superfamilies
  • Gulgastruroidea
  • Hypogastruroidea
  • Isotogastruroidea
  • Neanuroidea
  • Onychiuroidea
  • Poduroidea

The order Poduromorpha is one of the three main groups of springtails (Collembola), tiny hexapods related to insects. This group was formerly treated as a superfamily Poduroidea.

They can be best distinguished from the other springtail groups by their body shape. The Symphypleona are very round animals, almost spherical and the abdominal segments are not visible. Both Entomobryomorpha and Poduromorpha are long springtails with six visible abdominal segments. While Entomobryomorpha have the first thorax segment reduced, Poduromorpha retain all three. The Poduromorpha also tend to have short legs and a plump body, but more oval in shape than the Symphypleona. Their name means ‘foot tail formed’, deriving from their short, flat, furcula.

Systematics

The Poduromorpha were, as Poduroidea, united with the Entomobryomorpha (then called Entomobryoidea) in a group called "Arthropleona", but this has more recently turned out to be paraphyletic. Actually the Entomobryomorpha, the Poduromorpha, and the third springtail lineage – the Symphypleona – are equally distinct from each other. Their treatment at equal taxonomic rank reflects this. Their rank has also varied a bit. When the springtails were still believed to be an order of insects, the "Arthropleona" and the Symphypleona were treated as suborders.

List of families

Includes fossil families.

Superfamily Neanuroidea

Red Poduromorph Springtails (family Neanuridae) crawling on damp garden soil.

Superfamily Poduroidea

Superfamily Hypogastruroidea

Superfamily Gulgastruroidea

Superfamily Onychiuroidea

Superfamily Isotogastruroidea

Footnotes

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Poduromorpha. Wikispecies has information related to Poduromorpha.
  1. ^ a b Stephen P. Hopkin (2007). A Key to the Collembola (springtails) of Britain and Ireland. FSC. ISBN 978-1-85153-220-9.
  2. ^ See references in Haaramo (2008).