European Environment Agency

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European Environment Agency
Agency overview
Formed30 October 1993 (1993-10-30)
JurisdictionEuropean Union
HeadquartersCopenhagen, Denmark
55°40′52″N 12°35′12″E / 55.681208°N 12.586609°E / 55.681208; 12.586609
Agency executives
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European Environment Agency is located in European UnionCopenhagenCopenhagenEuropean Environment Agency (European Union)
European Environment Agency Building in Copenhagen in winter

The European Environment Agency (EEA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) which provides independent information on the environment.


The European Environment Agency (EEA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) which provides independent information on the environment. Its goal is to help those involved in developing, implementing and evaluating environmental policy, and to inform the general public.


The EEA was established by the European Economic Community (EEC) Regulation 1210/1990 (amended by EEC Regulation 933/1999 and EC Regulation 401/2009) and became operational in 1994, headquartered in Copenhagen, Denmark.

The agency is governed by a management board composed of representatives of the governments of its 32 member states, a European Commission representative and two scientists appointed by the European Parliament, assisted by its Scientific Committee.

The current Executive Director of the agency is Leena Ylä-Mononen, who has been appointed for a five-year term, starting on 1 June 2023. Ms Ylä-Mononen is the successor of professor Hans Bruyninckx.

Member countries

The member states of the European Union are members; however other states may become members of it by means of agreements concluded between them and the EU.

It was the first EU body to open its membership to the 13 candidate countries (pre-2004 enlargement).

The EEA has 32 member countries and six cooperating countries. The members are the 27 European Union member states together with Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey.

Since Brexit in 2020, the UK is not a member of the EU anymore and therefore not a member state of the EEA.

The six Western Balkan countries are cooperating countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia as well as Kosovo under the UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99. These cooperation activities are integrated into Eionet and are supported by the EU under the "Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance".

The EEA is an active member of the EPA Network.

EU Member countries non-EU Member countries Cooperating countries
 Austria  Iceland  Albania
 Belgium  Liechtenstein  Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Bulgaria  Norway  Kosovo
 Croatia   Switzerland  Montenegro
 Czech Republic  Turkey  North Macedonia
 Cyprus  Serbia

Reports, data and knowledge

The European Environment Agency (EEA) produces assessments based on quality-assured data on a wide range of issues from biodiversity, air quality, transport to climate change. These assessments are closely linked to the European Union's environment policies and legislation and help monitor progress in some areas and indicate areas where additional efforts are needed.

As required in its founding regulation, the EEA publishes its flagship report the State and Outlook of Europe's environment (SOER), which is an integrated assessment, analysing trends, progress to targets as well as outlook for the mid- to long-term. The agency publishes annually a report on Europe's most polluted provinces for air quality, detailing fine particulate matter PM 2.5.

The EEA shares this information, including the datasets used in its assessments, through its main website and a number of thematic information platforms such as Biodiversity Information System for Europe (BISE), Water Information System for Europe (WISE) and ClimateADAPT. The Climate-ADAPT knowledge platform presents information and data on expected climatic changes, the vulnerability of regions and sectors, adaptation case studies, and adaptation options, adaptation planning tools, and EU policy.

European Nature Information System

The European Nature Information System (EUNIS) provides access to the publicly available data in the EUNIS database for species, habitat types and protected sites across Europe. It is part of the European Biodiversity data centre (BDC), and is maintained by the EEA.

The database contains data

European environment information and observation network

The European Environment Information and Observation Network (Eionet) is a collaboration network between EEA member countries and non-member, cooperating nations. Cooperation is facilitated through different national environmental agencies, ministries, or offices. Eionet encourages the sharing of data and highlights specific topics for discussion and cooperation among participating countries.

Eionet currently includes covers seven European Topic Centres (ETCs):

The European Environment Agency (EEA) implements the "Shared Environmental Information System" principles and best practices via projects such as the "ENI SEIS II EAST PROJECT" & the "ENI SEIS II SOUTH PROJECT" to support environmental protection within the six eastern partnership countries (ENP) & to contribute to the reduction in marine pollution in the Mediterranean through the shared availability and access to relevant environmental information.

Budget management and discharge

As for every EU body and institution, the EEA's budget is subject to a discharge process, consisting of external examination of its budget execution and financial management, to ensure sound financial management of its budget. Since its establishment, the EEA has been granted discharge for its budget without exception. The EEA provides full access to its administrative and budgetary documents in its public documents register.

The discharge process for the 2010 budget required additional clarifications. In February 2012, the European Parliament's Committee on Budgetary Control published a draft report, identifying areas of concern in the use of funds and its influence for the 2010 budget such as a 26% budget increase from 2009 to 2010 to €50 600 000.: 8  and questioned that maximum competition and value-for-money principles were honored in hiring, also possible fictitious employees.: 10 

The EEA's Executive Director refuted allegations of irregularities in a public hearing. On 27 March 2012 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) voted on the report and commended the cooperation between the Agency and NGOs working in the environmental area. On 23 October 2012, the European Parliament voted and granted the discharge to the European Environment Agency for its 2010 budget.

Executive directors

Name Nationality Term(s)
Domingo Jiménez-Beltrán Spain Spain 1994–2003
Jacqueline McGlade United Kingdom United Kingdom 2003–2013
Hans Bruyninckx Belgium Belgium 2013–2023
Leena Ylä-Mononen Finland Finland 2023–

International cooperation

In addition to its 32 members and six Balkan cooperating countries, the EEA also cooperates and fosters partnerships with its neighbours and other countries and regions, mostly in the context of the European Neighbourhood Policy:

Additionally the EEA cooperates with multiple international organizations and the corresponding agencies of the following countries:

Official languages

The 26 official languages used by the EEA are: Bulgarian, Czech, Croatian, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Estonian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Icelandic, Italian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Malti, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Swedish and Turkish.

See also


  1. ^ Countries and Eionet, European Environment Agency, Retrieved on 24 July 2013.
  2. ^ "European Network of the Heads of Environment Protection Agencies". Archived from the original on 30 May 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
  3. ^ (under the UN Security Council Resolution 1244/99)
  4. ^ "European city air quality viewer".
  5. ^ About EUNIS. Retrieved 2018-11-18.
  6. ^ a b "Our knowledge network — Eionet". Retrieved 25 September 2023.
  7. ^ "European Environment Information and Observation Network". Eionet Portal. Retrieved 25 September 2023.
  8. ^ "ENI SEIS".
  9. ^ a b Draft Report on discharge on the implementation of the budget of the European Environment Agency for the financial year 2010 14 pages, 6 February 2012, Archived 12 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Valentina Pop EU agencies rebuked over spending 2 March 2012. EU Observer website.
  11. ^ "Agenda for March 27, 2011 meeting of the Committee on Budgetary Control".
  12. ^ 2012/804/EU: Decision of the European Parliament of 23 October 2012 on discharge in respect of the implementation of the budget of the European Environment Agency for the financial year 2010, 20 December 2012, retrieved 13 May 2020
  13. ^ "International Cooperation". European Environment Agency. 22 July 2016. Retrieved 23 April 2017. (scroll down to "European Neighborhood Project")
  14. ^ EU-OSHA.

External links